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Ahmad Sana

photo-sana-06-07.jpg

Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering

Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 33

Sultanate of Oman

Tel: 968-2414-2524

Fax: 968-2441-3416

sana092@yahoo.com

EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT INFORMATION:

Education:

Apr. 1994-Feb. 1997:  Ph.D., Civil Engineering,

Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

Jan. 1991-Aug. 1992:  M.Eng. Hydraulic and Coastal Engineering,

Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand

Feb. 1983-Jan. 1988:   B.Sc., Civil Engineering,

University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan

June. 1979-May 1981:   Senior High School,

Government College, Lahore, Pakistan

 

Employment History:

 

May 2010-Present :  Associate Professor,

Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, 

Sultan Qaboos University, Oman

Aug. 2002- May 2010: Assistant Professor,

Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, 

Sultan Qaboos University, Oman

Jan. 2001-Aug.2002:    Lecturer,

Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering,

Sultan Qaboos University, Oman

May 2000-Jan. 2001:   Research Fellow,

School of Civil and Environmental Engineering,  

Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Dec. 1999-Apr. 2000:   Instructor,

Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies,

University of Northern British Columbia, Canada

Oct. 1998-Sep. 1999:  Postdoctoral Research Associate,

Department of Civil Engineering,

Tohoku University, Japan

Apr. 1994-Mar. 1997:   Research Associate,

Department of Civil Engineering,

Tohoku University, Japan

Apr. 1993-Mar. 1994:   Research Associate,

School of Civil Engineering,

Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand

Apr. 1988-Mar. 1993:   Lecturer,

Department of Civil Engineering,

University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan

 

SCHOLARSHIPS AND FELLOWSHIPS:

 

Visiting Research fellowship for one month by Tohoku University, Japan, 2010

Visiting Researcher Fellowship for three months at Univ. of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan,  2008

Postdoctoral fellowship for two months by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), 2007

Visiting Research fellowship for one month by Tohoku University, Japan, 2006

Visiting Researcher Fellowship for three months at Univ. of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan,  2005

Visiting Researcher Fellowship for three months at Univ. of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan,  2004

Postdoctoral fellowship for three months by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), 2003

Young Engineer award by The Association of Researchers in Tohoku Region, Japan, 1995

Merit Scholarship at Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok by the Government of Denmark, 1991-1992.

Merit Scholarship at the University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, 1984-1985.

  

CONSULTING EXPERIENCE:

 

Jan. 1989-Dec.1990     Part-time Design Engineer, Multi-dimensional Consultants, Lahore, Pakistan. Design of multi-storey buildings, Surveying, Field investigations for water resources development.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

Turbulence modeling of wave boundary layers

Water quality measurement and modeling in the sea

Numerical Modeling of coastal erosion and shoreline change

Measurement and modeling of seawater intrusion into coastal aquifers

Sediment transport in coastal environments

Experimental investigation of rough boundary layers

Analysis and design of water resources systems

TEACHING

Courses Taught:

 

* Newly Developed Courses

 

Undergraduate:

 

Engineering Drawing

Engineering Mechanics

Fluid Mechanics

Hydraulics

Coastal Engineering*

Civil Engineering Design Project

Water Resources Engineering

Engineering Hydrology

Hydraulic Structures

Engineering Drawing

 

Graduate:

 

Mathematical Hydrology*

Water Resources Planning and Management*

Advanced Probability and Statistics*

Advanced Engineering Mathematics*

 

International Professional Service and Honor Societies:

 

Member, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), International Association for Hydraulic Research.

Life-Member, Pakistan Engineering Council.

Reviewer, Ocean Engineering (Elsevier), Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (ASCE), Water and Environment Journal, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids (Wiley), Coastal Engineering Journal (World Scientific), Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Water Management

Former member, Japan Society for Civil Engineers, Tohoku Researchers Association for Hydraulic Engineering.

 

Regional/Local Professional Service:

 

Chair, Scientific Committee, International Conference on Coastal Zones and Management , Sultan Qaboos University, November 2010.

Chair, Local Arrangement Committee, Renewable Energy Development Oman Forum, REDOF’ 09, Sultan Qaboos University, November 22-23, 2009.

Instructor, Short Course on Flood Management, College of Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, April 27-30, 2008.

Instructor, Workshop on Advanced Modeling of Soil and Groundwater Systems, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, May 15-19, 2004. 

Member, Technical Committee, International Conference on Wastewater Management and its Effect on the Environment in Hot and Arid Countries, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman, October 12-14, 2002.

Coordinator and Instructor for a short course on “Computer-Aided Design of Coastal Structures,” Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, June 24-27, 2001. 

 

SCHOLARLY ACHIEVEMENTS:

 

Book Contributions

 

1.       Baawain M.S., Sana A., Al-Sabahi J.N., Al-Wardy M.M. and Al-Yaqoobi A.H. (2011) Oil and chemical spills. In: Nriagu JO (ed.) Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, volume 4, pp. 231–239 Burlington: Elsevier.

2.      Al-Hatrushi, S., Kwarteng, A., McLachlan, A., Al-Belushi, A., Sana, A. and Hamed, K. (Eds.) (2009), “Coastal Erosion and Groundwater”, Sultan Qaboos University Printing Press, Oman.

3.       Tanaka, H. and Sana, A. (1995), “Numerical study on transition to turbulence in a wave boundary layer”, In Sediment Transport Mechanisms in Coastal Environments and Rivers (M. Belorgey, R.D. Rajaona and J.F.A. Sleath (Eds.), World Scientific, pp.14-25.

 

Refereed Journal Papers

 

1.           Sana, A. and Tanaka, H. (2010), “Two-Equation turbulence modeling of an oscillatory boundary layer under steep pressure gradient”, Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol.37, No.4, 648-656.

2.           Ghumman, A. R., Sana, A. and Tanaka, H. (2009), “Grid dependence of k-epsilon model for oscillatory boundary layers”, Water Management, Vol.162 (WM6), 371-377.

3.           Sana, A., Ghumman, A. R. and Tanaka, H. (2009), “Modeling of a rough-wall oscillatory boundary layer using two-equation turbulence models”, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (ASCE), Vol.135, No.1, 60-65.

4.           Ranjan, S.P., Kazama, S., Sawamoto, M., Sana, A. (2009), “Global scale evaluation of coastal fresh groundwater resources”, Ocean and Coastal Management, Elsevier, Vol.52, 197-206.

5.           Suntoyo, Tanaka, H. and Sana, A. (2008), “Characteristics of turbulent boundary layers over a rough bed under saw-tooth waves and its application to sediment transport”, Coastal Engineering, Elsevier, Vol.55, No.12, 1102-1112.

6.          Sana, A. and Tanaka, H. (2007), “Full-range equation for wave boundary layer thickness”, Coastal Engineering, Elsevier , Vol.54, 639-642.

7.          Sana, A., Ghumman, A. R. and Tanaka, H. (2007), “Modification of the damping function in the k-e model to analyze oscillatory boundary layers”, Ocean Engineering, Vol.34, No.2, 320-326.

8.           Suntoyo, Tanaka, H. and Sana, A. (2007), “Turbulence models for rough turbulent boundary layers under asymmetric waves”, Tohoku Journal of Natural Disaster Science, Tohoku University, Japan, Vol.43, 247-252.

9.           Suntoyo, Tanaka, H., Sana, A. and Yamaji, H. (2006), “Characteristics of turbulent boundary layer over a rough bed under cnoidal wave motion”, Annual Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (JSCE), Vol.50, 121-126.

10.       Sana, A., Tanaka, H., Yamaji, H. and Kawamura, I. (2006), “Hydrodynamic behavior of asymmetric oscillatory boundary layers at low Reynolds numbers”, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (ASCE), Vol.132, No.10, 1086-1096.

11.       Sana, A. and Shuy, E. B. (2002), “Two-Equation turbulence models for smooth oscillatory boundary layers”, Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering (ASCE), Vol.128, No.1, 38-45.

12.       Sana, A. and Tanaka, H. (2000), “Review of k-e model to analyze oscillatory boundary layers”, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (ASCE), Vol. 126, No.9, 701-710.

13.        Tanaka, H., Sana, A., Kawamura, I. and Yamaji, H. (1999), “Depth-limited oscillatory boundary layers on a rough bottom”, Coastal Engineering Journal, Vol.41, No.1, 85-105.

14.        Tanaka, H., Yamaji, H., Sana, A. and Shuto, N. (1998), “A generation method of asymmetric oscillatory motion simulating cnoidal waves”, Coastal Engineering Journal, Vol.40, No.3, 291-306.

15.        Tanaka, H., Sana, A., Yamaji, H. and Samad, M.A. (1998), “Experimental and numerical investigation on asymmetric oscillatory boundary layers”, Journal of Hydro-science and Hydraulic Engineering, Vol.16, No.1, 117-126.

16.        Tanaka, H., Sana, A. and Kawamura, I (1998), “Theoretical and experimental study on quasi-steady boundary layer under wave motion”, Journal of Hydraulic, Coastal and Environmental Engineering, JSCE, Vol.593/II-43, pp.155-164 (in Japanese).

17.       Sana, A., Tanaka, H. and Yamaji, H. (1997), “Transitional behavior of asymmetric oscillatory boundary layers”, Annual Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (JSCE), Vol.41, pp.651-656.

18.       Sana, A. and Tanaka, H., (1997), “Improvement of the full-range equation for bottom friction under three-dimensional wave-current combined motion”, Coastal Engineering, Vol.31, Elsevier Science, pp.217-229.

19.        Tanaka, H., Yamaji, H., Sana, A. and Shuto, N. (1997) “ A new generation method of asymmetric oscillatory flow”, Journal of Hydraulic, Coastal and Environmental Engineering, JSCE, Vol.565/II-39, pp.111-118 (in Japanese).

20.       Tanaka, H. and Sana, A. (1996) “Bottom shear stress prediction for three dimensional wave-current boundary layer”, Journal of Hydraulic, Coastal and Environmental Engineering, JSCE, Vol.533/No.II-34, pp.273-277 (in Japanese).

21.       Sana, A. and Tanaka, H. (1996) “The performance of low-Reynolds number k-e model to analyze an oscillatory boundary layer”, Journal Hydroscience and Hydraulic Engineering, Vol.40, pp.779-785 (in Japanese).

22.       Tanaka, H. and Sana, A. (1994) “Application of the low-Reynolds number k-e model to an oscillatory flow”, Journal Hydroscience and Hydraulic Engineering, JSCE, Vol.38, pp.481-486 (in Japanese).

 

Refereed Conference Proceedings

 

1.       Sana, A., and Baawain, M. (2011), “Assessment of seawater quality along northern coast of Oman”, Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Asian and Pacific and Coasts (APAC 2011), Hong Kong, (accepted).

2.       Sana, A. (2010), “Prediction of transition in wave boundary layers by k-e Model”, Proceedings of the 15th Physics of Estuaries and Coastal Seas (PECS) conference, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 14–17 September 2010, pp.194-197.

3.       Sana, A., Al-Yaqoubi, A. and Tanaka, H. (2009), “Seawater quality in Gulf of Oman”, Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Estuaries and Coasts (ICEC 2009), Sendai, Japan, pp.167-174.

4.       Sana, A., Tanaka, H. and Suntoyo (2008), “Turbulence modeling of wave boundary layers on a rough bottom”, Proceedings of 31st International Conference on Coastal Engineering, Hamburg, Germany, Vol. 2, pp.1572-1582.

5.       Sana, A. and Al-Shibli, S. (2006), “Numerical modeling of seawater intrusion into coastal aquifers in Sultanate of Oman”, Regional Conference on Groundwater Protection, Tripoli, Libya, 2006.

6.       Sana, A., Al-Jamrah, A., Claereboudt, M., Al-Kindi, S., Tanaka, H. and Kwarteng, A. (2006), “Measurement of Water Quality Parameters in the Gulf of Oman”, IAHR-APD Conference, Chennai, India, pp. 1155-1165.

7.       Tanaka, H., Suntoyo and Sana, A. (2006), “Numerical investigation on a rough bed turbulent boundary layer under cnoidal wave motion”, Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Hydro-science and Engineering, Philadelphia, U.S.(CD-ROM).

8.       Ghumman, A. R., Sana, A. and Tanaka, H. (2006), “Using a modified k-e Model to Analyze Transitional Oscillatory Boundary Layers”, Annual Conference of Canadian Society of Civil Engineers, 2006, Paper No. GC-011, pp.1-8.

9.       Suntoyo, Tanaka, H. and Sana, A. (2006),Bottom shear stress and sediment transport calculation characterized by the acceleration effect under non-linear wave motion”, International Conference on Coastal Engineering (ASCE), 2006, Book of Abstracts, Paper No. 301.

10.    Sana, A. and Tanaka, H., and Ghumman, A. R., (2006), “Modification of k-e model to study oscillatory boundary layers”, International Conference on Coastal Engineering (ASCE), 2006, Book of Abstracts, Paper No. 234.

11.    Sana, A. (2005), “Measurement of oil related pollution in the coastal region of Sultanate of Oman”, Oceans 2005 MTS/IEEE Conference, Washington D.C., USA.

12.    Sana, A., Al-Hatrushi, S., Machlachlan, A., Hamed, K., Kwarteng, A., Al-Belushi, A. and Kumar, V. (2005), “Implementation of a Numerical Model to Study Coastal Erosion along Al-Batinah, Sultanate of Oman”, Arabian Coast 2005 Conference, Dubai , Book of Abstracts, pp.379-382.

13.    Sana, A., Al-Jamrah, A., Claereboudt, M., Al-Kindi, S., Tanaka, H. and Kwarteng, A. (2005), “Measurement of Water Quality in Gulf of Oman, Arabian Coast 2005 Conference, Dubai, Book of Abstracts, pp.21-24.

14.    Al-Hatrushi, S., Kwarteng, A., Machlachlan, A., Sana, A., Al-Belushi, A., Hamed, K., and Kumar, V. (2005), “A preliminary assessment of coastal ersoion along the Batinah: Sultanate of Oman”, Arabian Coast 2005 Conference, Dubai , Book of Abstracts, pp.145-149.

15.    Kwarteng, A., Al-Hatrushi, S., Machlachlan, A., Sana, A., Al-Belushi, A., Hamed, K., and Kumar, V. (2005), “Monitoring changes along the Batinah coast of Oman using remotely sensed data”, Arabian Coast 2005 Conference, Dubai , Book of Abstracts, pp.9-12.

16.   Sana, A., Ghumman, A. R. and Tanaka, H. (2005), “Modification of k-e Model to Analyze Oscillatory Boundary Layers”, Proceedings, International Conference on Mathematical Models and Methods in Fluid Mechanics, July 4-6, 2005, COMSATS, Islamabad, Pakistan.

17.   Sana, A., Tanaka, H. and Suzuki, T. (2004), “Experimental and numerical study of irregular wave boundary layers on a rough bottom”, Proceedings, International Conference on Coastal Engineering (ASCE), Lisbon, Portugal, Vol. 1, pp.521-528.

18.   Sana, A. and Tanaka, H. (2004), “Numerical modeling of oscillatory boundary layers using two-equation turbulence models”, Proceedings, 6th International Conference on Hydro science and Engineering (ICHE-2004), Brisbane, Australia (Invited paper).

19.   Sana, A. (2004), “Implementation of a numerical model to study oil spill fate in the coastal region of Sultanate of Oman”, Proceedings, The Joint Kingdom of Bahrain-Japan Symposium 2004-Challenges on New Horizons, Manama, Bahrain, pp.374-386 (Invited paper).

20.     Sana, A. and Al-Shibli, S. H. (2003), “Modeling of seawater intrusion into a coastal aquifer in the Sultanate of Oman”, Proceedings, 30th International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research (IAHR) Congress, Greece, August 24-29, pp.581-588.

21.   Sana, A., Tanaka, H. (2001), “Utilization of Two-Layer Turbulence Models to analyze an Oscillatory Boundary Layer on a Smooth Bottom”, Proceedings, 8th International Symposium. Flow Modeling and Turbulence Measurements, Tokyo, Japan, pp.517-524.

22.    Mzila, N., Shuy, E.B., Tan, H.C. and Sana, A. (2001), Preliminary groundwater quality investigations at a reclaimed land in Singapore”, Proceedings, 29th International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research (IAHR) Congress, Beijing, China, pp.140-144.

23.    Sana, A., Shuy, E. B., Mzila, N. and Hoong, C. K. M. (2001), “A Preliminary Study On Feasibility Of Using Treated Wastewater To Recharge Reclaimed Land”, Proceedings, 29th International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research (IAHR) Congress, Beijing, China, pp.152-156.

24.   Sana, A. and Shuy, E. B. (2001), “Analysis of a Transitional Oscillatory Boundary Layer by k-e Model”, Proceedings, 29th International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research (IAHR) Congress, Beijing, China, pp.224-228.

25.   Tanaka, H., Sana, A., Kawamura, I. And Yamaji, H., (2000), “Stability of asymmetric wave boundary layers”, Proceedings, International Conference on Computational. Hydrodynamics (ICHD 2000), Yokohama, Japan, pp. 563-568.

26.   Itonaga, N, Sana, A., Tanaka, H. and Samad, M.A. (2000), “Modeling of Natori river mouth topography change due to a heavy flood”, Proceedings, International Conference on Computational Hydrodynamics (ICHD 2000), Yokohama, Japan, pp. 653-658.

27.   Tanaka, H., Yamaji, H., Sana, A. (1998),Experimental study on non-linear wave boundary layers”, Proceedings, International Conference on Coastal Engineering (ASCE), Copenhagen, Denmark, pp.471-483.

28.   Tanaka, H., Sana, A., and Samad, M.A. (1997),The modes of Sediment Transport under pulsatile motion”, Proceedings, Fourth International Conference on Measurement and Control of Granular Materials (MCGM 97), pp.160-165.

29.   Tanaka, H. and Sana, A., (1997), “The variation of frictional resistance under long waves in cross-shore direction”, Proceedings, Computer Modeling of Seas and Coastal Regions III, Ed. J.R. Acinas and C.A. Brebbia, Computational Mechanics Publications, pp.233-242.

30.   Kawamura, I., Tanaka, H., Yamaji, H. and Sana, A. (1997) “Transition to turbulence in an asymmetric wave boundary layer -difference from sinusoidal waves-“, Proceedings of Coastal Engineering, JSCE, Vol.44, pp.136-140 (in Japanese).

31.   Sana, A. and Tanaka, H., (1996), “The testing of low Reynolds number k-epsilon models by DNS data for an oscillatory boundary layer”, Proceedings, 6th Int. Symposium on Flow Modeling and Turbulence Measurements, Sep. 1996, Florida, U.S.A. pp.363-370.

32.   Sana, A. and Tanaka, H., (1996),A comparative study of low Reynolds number k-epsilon models based on wave-current combined motion”, Proceedings, 10th Congress of International Association for Hydraulic Research- Asia-Pacific Division, (IAHR-APD), Langkawi, Malaysia, pp.486-493.

33.    Tanaka, H. and Sana, A., (1996),The quasi-steady behavior of wave boundary layer- a theoretical and experimental study”, Proceedings, 10th Congress of International Association for Hydraulic Research- Asia-Pacific Division, (IAHR-APD), Langkawi, Malaysia, pp.381-388.

34.    Kawamura, I., Sana, A. and Tanaka, H. (1996) “Asymptotic behavior of wave boundary layers with increasing wave period”, Proceedings of Coastal Engineering, JSCE, Vol.43, pp.451-455 (in Japanese).

35.   Sana, A. and Tanaka, H., (1995), “The performance of low Reynolds number k-epsilon model to analyze an oscillatory boundary layer”, Proceedings, International Symposium on Mathematical Modeling of Turbulent Flows, Tokyo, pp.291-296.

36.    Sana, A. and Tanaka, H., (1995), “Application of low Reynolds number k-epsilon model to wave-current combined motion”, Proceedings, Computer Modeling of Seas and Coastal Regions II, Ed. C.A. Brebbia, L. Traversoni and L.C. Wrobel, Computational Mechanics Publications, pp.213-220.

37.    Sana, A. and Tanaka, H., (1995), “A full-range equation for wave boundary layer thickness”, Proceedings, Advances in Hydro-Science and Engineering, Vol.2, China, pp.1487-1494.

38.   Sana, A., Tanaka, H. and Dang, V.T. (1995) “Sediment movement under waves and current”, Proceedings of Coastal Engineering, JSCE, Vol.42, pp.491-495 (in Japanese).

39.    Tanaka, H. and Sana, A.  (1995) “Characteristics of bottom shear stress under long waves”, Proceedings of Coastal Engineering, JSCE, Vol.42, pp.36-40 (in Japanese).

40.    Sana, A. and Tanaka, H. (1994) “Study on bottom shear stress under crossing waves and current”, Proceedings of Coastal Engineering, JSCE, Vol.41, pp.416-420 (in Japanese).

 

 
Technical Reports/Thesis

 

1.       Sana, A., Al-Jamrah, A., Claereboudt, M., Al-Kindi, S., Tanaka, H. and Kwarteng, A., “Assessment and Modeling of the Oil-Spill Fate and Transport in the Coastal Region of Sultanate of Oman”, 4th Progress Report, SR/ENG/CIVL/02/01, Sultan Qaboos University, April 2006.

2.       Sana, A., Al-Jamrah, A., Claereboudt, M., Al-Kindi, S., Tanaka, H. and Kwarteng, A., “Assessment and Modeling of the Oil-Spill Fate and Transport in the Coastal Region of Sultanate of Oman”, 3rd Progress Report, SR/ENG/CIVL/02/01, Sultan Qaboos University, April 2005.

3.       Al-Hatrushi, S., Kwarteng, A., Sana, A., McLachlan, A., Hamed, K., Al-Belushi, A., “Coastal Erosion in the Batinah”, 1st Progress Report, SR/ART/GEOG/04/01, Sultan Qaboos University, April 2005.

4.       Sana, A., Claereboudt, M., Al-Kindi, S., Tanaka, H., Latief, H. and Al-Rawas, G., “Assessment and Modeling of the Oil-Spill Fate and Transport in the Coastal Region of Sultanate of Oman”, 2nd Progress Report, SR/ENG/CIVL/02/01, Sultan Qaboos University, April 2004.

5.       Sana, A., Claereboudt, M., Al-Kindi, S., Tanaka, H., Latief, H. and Al-Rawas, G., “Assessment and Modeling of the Oil-Spill Fate and Transport in the Coastal Region of Sultanate of Oman”, 1st Progress Report, SR/ENG/CIVL/02/01, Sultan Qaboos University, May 2003.

6.       Sana, A. and Shuy, E.B., “Prediction of Transition in Oscillatory Boundary Layers by k-epsilon Model”, Research Report, CSE Research Bulletin No.14, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 2001.

7.        Sana, A., “Experimental and Numerical Study on Turbulent Oscillatory Boundary Layers”, Ph.D. Dissertation, Tohoku University, Japan, 1997.

8.       Sana, A., “Application of a Turbulence Model to an Oscillatory Boundary Layer”, Master degree thesis, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand.

 

Non-Technical Reports

 

Al-Harthy, A., Abdel-Halim, M., Sana, A., Mohammed-zein, Y., Al-Oraimi, S. and Hassan, H. (2003), “Strategic Plan-Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering.”  Sultan Qaboos University.