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Sultan Qaboos University





Water Resources Engineering (CIVL 5346)

Spring 2008

Instructor:           Dr. Ahmad Sana

Time & Place:     Sun. & Tue. 13:00-13:50 (CMT/C05); Wed. 14:15-16:05 (CMT/C05);

Office Hours:      Sun. 10:00-11:50 and Tue. 10:00-11:50

Office:                 Room # 2078, College of Engineering Western Building

Telephone:          Ext. 2524

Email:                  sana@squ.edu.om

Homepage:         http://ahmadsana.tripod.com 



       I.      Course Description



This advanced course is designed to give the senior engineering students the basic information needed for planning, design, construction, and operation of facilities to control and utilize water. Intensive practice in the basic aspects is reinforced with practical applications.


    II.      Required Background or Experience

 Prerequisites by course:

CIVL 3066, CIVL 4046


Prerequisites by topic:

1.      Fundamentals of algebra and arithmetic.

2.      Basic principles of hydrology.

3.      Basic principles of fluid mechanics.





 III.      Course Objectives


The objectives of this course are to give the student a fundamental knowledge of:

  1. Analysis and design of pipe networks [Obj. A, B]
  2. Analysis and design of a sanitary sewer system [Obj. A, B].
  3. Hydraulics and design of wells [Obj. A, B].
  4. Analysis and design of a storm sewer system [Obj. A, B].
  5. Analysis and design of various types of culverts [Obj. A, B].


Civil Engineering Program Educational Objectives


Objective A.  Provide the required knowledge and skills to solve Civil Engineering problems.


Objective B.  Expand and enhance the abilities related to the responsibilities of the Civil Engineer towards the profession and society.


Objective C.  Develop the abilities to stay current with new developments.


  IV.      Expected Outcomes

Students will be expected to develop these skills/understanding upon the successful completion of this course:

1.        Ability to analyze and design water supply pipe networks [a, c, e, g, k].

2.        Ability to analyze and design an urban sanitary sewer system [a, c, e, g, k].

3.        Ability to calculate the subsurface flow to a well and design a well [a, c, e, g, k].

4.        Ability to analyze and design an urban storm sewer system [a, c, e, g, k].

5.        Ability to analyze and design various types of culverts [a, c, e, g, k].


ABET Program Outcomes and Assessment (Criterion 3)


(a) An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering.

(b) An  ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as an ability to analyze and interpret data.

(c) An ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs.

(d) An ability to function on multi-disciplinary teams.

(e)  An  ability to Identify, formulate and solve engineering problems.

(f) An understanding of professional and ethical responsibility.

(g) An ability to communicate effectively.

(h) The broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global and societal context.

(i)  A  recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning.

(j)  The knowledge of contemporary issues.

(k) An ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice.


     V.      Course Contents


The following topics will be covered in this course:

  1. Pipe networks; pipe losses, pipes in series and parallel, branching pipes, analysis and design of pipe networks with and without pumps.
  2. Sanitary sewer system; calculation of design flows, design of sewer system, analysis of sewer network.
  3. Hydraulics and design of wells; calculation of groundwater flow to wells in confined and unconfined aquifers, aquifer testing, well design.
  4. Storm sewer system; calculation of the design flows, design of the storm sewers, analysis of storm sewer networks.
  5. Culverts; analysis and design of six types of culverts.


  VI.      Textbook(s) and Readings


        Water Resources Engineering by D. A. Chin, Prentice Hall, 2000.


Additional resources include:


        Water Resources Engineering by R. K. Linsley, J. B. Franzini, D. L. Freyberg and G. Tchobanoglous, McGraw-Hill, 1992.



VII.      Minimum Student Materials

Text, class handouts, engineering calculator, and an access to personal computers.


VIII.      Minimum College Facilities

Classroom with whiteboard and projection facilities, library, computer facilities.


  IX.      Instructional Methods

1.      Lectures.

2.      Teamwork solving problem tutorials.

3.      Design projects

4.      Homework.

5.      Reading assignments.


     X.      Evaluation of Outcomes

Evaluation will be based on the following:

1.      Assignments                                               [15%]

2.      Quizzes                                                      [10%]

3.      Design Projects                                          [20%]

4.      Mid-Term Examination                               [15%]

5.      Final examination                                        [40%]


  XI.      Explanation of grading system


Assignments (15%): There will be approximately seven assignments. Whenever an assignment is given, you will have one week to complete it and submit. Group participation in solving an assignment problem is encouraged, however, you must turn in your own assignment. Late assignments would be accepted only with prior approval from the instructor.

Quizzes (10%): There will be approximately three quizzes. They will consist of multiple-choice questions and brief definitions. The students must be prepared and revise the material covered in the preceding lectures before coming to the class.

Design projects (20%): There will be approximately five design projects throughout the semester. These projects will be presented in the form of a letter from a client to an engineering company that you work for. You will be expected to develop a design solution to the client’s problem, and then respond to the client with a letter report.

Mid-term examination (15%): This will be a closed book examination, covering all the theory, problems, tutorial exercises and laboratory experiments completed prior to it.

Final examination (40%): The final examination will cover the whole course contents completed prior to it.

Extra credit (up to 5%): The students may receive up to 5% of their grade in extra credit by attending seminars and professional society meetings held in the civil engineering department or relevant conferences. In order to get this credit write down an essay describing your contributions to the engineering society work and seminar attendances, and get it endorsed by the Engineering Society Advisor of the department.


XII.      Professional Component Contribution

CIVL 5346 is an advanced level departmental elective course that deals with the analysis and design in water resources engineering. Two thirds of the contents of this three-credit course consist of engineering design.  The remaining one third consists of analysis of water resources systems and engineering science.


XIII.      Detailed schedule of the course























Pipe networks

















Sanitary sewer system

















Hydraulics and design of wells

















Storm sewer system



































Quiz and Exam. Schedule


Quiz 1: Sunday, February 24, 2008

Quiz 2: Sunday, March 23, 2008

Quiz 3: Sunday, April 20, 2008


Mid-Term Exam.: Wednesday, April 9, 2008


Last update: 1/2/08