Sultan Qaboos
University
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL AND ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING
COURSE
OUTLINE
Fluid Mechanics (CIVL 4046)
Spring 2008
Instructor:
Dr. Ahmad Sana
Time & Place:
Sat. 11:0011:50 (CMT/C14); Mon. 11:0011:50 (CMT/C14);
Tue. 16:1518:05 (Sec.11, Lab.); Wed. 08:0009:50
(Sec. 12, Lab.)
Office Hours: Sun.
10:0011:50 and Tue. 10:0011:50
Office:
Room # 2078, College of Engineering
Western Building
Telephone:
Ext. 2524
Email:
sana@squ.edu.om
Homepage: http://ahmadsana.tripod.com 
I.
Course Description
CIVL 4046 FLUID
MECHANICS (3 Credits)
This basic course provides the student
with a working knowledge of the fundamental principles governing fluid mechanics and fluid flow. Lectures covering the properties
of fluids, fluid statics, basic flow concepts, similitude, dimensional analysis, ideal fluid flow and fluid measurements.
These lectures are supplemented by laboratory studies.
II. Required Background or Experience
Prerequisites by course:
CIVL
3216
Prerequisites by
topic:
1.
Fundamentals of algebra and arithmetic.
2.
Basic principles of physics.
3.
Principles of basic engineering mechanics.
Postrequisites:
None
III.
Course Objectives
The objectives of this course are to give the student a fundamental knowledge of:
1.
Fluid properties [Obj. A, C].
2.
Fluid statics [Obj. A, C].
3.
Fluid kinematics [Obj. A, C].
4.
Momentum principle [Obj. A].
5.
Energy principle [Obj. A, C].
6.
Dimensional analysis and similitude [Obj. A].
7.
Flow in conduits [Obj. A, C].
Civil Engineering Program Educational
Objectives
Objective A. Provide the required knowledge and skills to solve Civil Engineering problems.
Objective B. Expand and enhance the abilities related to the responsibilities of the Civil Engineer towards the profession
and society.
Objective C. Develop the abilities to stay current with new developments.
IV. Expected Outcomes
Students will be expected to develop these skills/understanding upon the successful completion
of this course:
1.
A fundamental knowledge of various fluid properties and their measurements [a, b, k].
2.
Ability to calculate and measure hydrostatic forces on plane and curved surfaces [a, b, e,
k].
3.
Ability to apply Reynolds transport theorem to fluid flow phenomena [a].
4.
Ability to apply continuity equation to steady and unsteady flow phenomena [a, e].
5.
Ability to apply Bernoulli's equation to steady flow phenomena [a, b, e, k].
6.
Ability to apply momentum equation to determine forces in a flowing fluid [a, e].
7.
Ability to calculate and measure the energy in a flowing fluid [a, b, e, k].
8.
Fundamental knowledge of the dimensional analysis and similitude to carry out physical model studies
[a, e].
9.
Ability to calculate and measure the discharge carrying capacity and friction loss in the conduits
under laminar and turbulent flow conditions [a, b, e, k].
ABET Program Outcomes and Assessment (Criterion 3)
(a) An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics,
science, and engineering.
(b) An ability
to design and conduct experiments, as well as an ability to analyze and interpret data.
(c) An ability to design a system, component, or process
to meet desired needs.
(d) An ability to function on multidisciplinary teams.
(e) An
ability to Identify, formulate and solve engineering problems.
(f) An understanding of professional and ethical responsibility.
(g) An ability to communicate effectively.
(h) The broad education necessary to understand the
impact of engineering solutions in a global and societal context.
(i) A
recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in lifelong learning.
(j) The
knowledge of contemporary issues.
(k) An ability to use the techniques, skills,
and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice.
V.
Course Contents
The following topics will be covered in
this course:
 Fluid properties:
Density, specific weight, specific gravity, ideal gas law, viscosity, vapor pressure, surface tension.
 Fluid statics:
Pressure at a point, pressure variation in a stationary fluid, measurement of pressure, hydrostatic force on plane and curved
surfaces, buoyancy.
 Fluid kinematics:
The velocity field, Eulerian and Lagrangian representations, streamlines, streaklines and pathlines, Reynolds transport theorem.
 Fluid dynamics:
Continuity, momentum, moment of momentum and energy equations, viscous flow in pipes, laminar and turbulent flow, major and
minor losses, measurement of velocity.
 Dimensional analysis
and similitude: Buckingham Pi theorem, Modeling and similitude, some typical model studies.
 Flow through
conduits: shear stress in a pipe, laminar and turbulent flow in pipes, friction factor and head loss.
VI. Textbook(s) and Readings
Fluid Mechanics Fundamentals and Applications by
Cengel and Cimbala, 1^{st} Ed., McGrawHill, 2006.
Additional resources include:
 Engineering Fluid
Mechanics by Crowe, Elger and Roberson, 7^{th} Ed., John Wiley, 1997.
 Fundamentals of
Fluid Mechanics by Munson, Young and Okiishi, 2^{nd} Ed., 1990.
VII. Minimum Student Materials
Text, class handouts, engineering calculator, and an access to personal computers.
VIII. Minimum College Facilities
Classroom with whiteboard and projection facilities, Hydraulics laboratory, library, computer facilities.
IX. Instructional Methods
1.
Lectures.
2.
Teamwork
solving problem tutorials.
3.
Experiments
4.
Homework.
5.
Reading
assignments.
X.
Evaluation of Outcomes
Evaluation will be based on the following:
1.
Assignments
[5%]
2.
Quizzes
[15%]
3.
Tutorial
exercises and experiments
[15%]
4.
Term
project
[10%]
5.
MidTerm
Examination
[15%]
6.
Final
examination
[40%]
XI. Explanation of grading system
Assignments (5%): There will be approximately five assignments. Whenever an assignment
is given, you will have one week to complete it and submit. Group participation in solving an assignment problem is encouraged,
however, you must turn in your own assignment. Late assignments would be accepted only with prior approval from the instructor.
Quizzes (15%): There will be approximately three quizzes. They will consist of multiplechoice
questions and brief definitions. The students must be prepared and revise the material covered in the preceding lectures before
coming to the class.
Tutorial exercises and experiments (20%): There will be approximately six experiments.
Please bring your textbook and calculator every time you come to attend the laboratory or tutorial. The whole class will be
divided into groups. For each experiment or tutorial exercise, a written letter report is required by each group to get full
consideration.
Term Project (10%): Each group will work on the technical and architectural details of
a project. All the groups will present their project reports, final drawings and models in week 13.
Midterm examination (15%): This will be a closed book examination, covering all the theory,
problems, tutorial exercises and laboratory experiments completed prior to it.
Final examination (40%): The final examination will cover the whole course contents completed
prior to it.
Extra credit (up to 5%): The students may receive up to 5% of their grade in extra credit
by attending seminars and professional society meetings held in the civil engineering department or relevant conferences.
In order to get this credit write down an essay describing your contributions to the engineering society work and seminar
attendances, and get it endorsed by the Engineering Society Advisor of the department.
XII. Professional Component Contribution
CIVL 4046 is a fundamental departmental required course that deals with the basics
of fluid mechanics. Two thirds of the contents of this threecredit course consist of engineering science. The remaining one third consists of analysis of engineering fluid systems and design.
XIII. Detailed schedule of the course
S.
No.

Topic 
Week 
1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
1 
Fluid properties 















2 
Fluid statics 















3 
Fluid kinematics 















4 
Fluid dynamics 















5 
Dimensional analysis and similitude 















6 
Flow through conduits 















Quiz and Exam. Schedule
Quiz 1: Monday, February 25, 2008
Quiz 2: Monday, March 24, 2008
Quiz 3: Monday, April 21, 2008
Term Project Presentations:
Tuesday, April 29, 2008 (Sec. 11)
Wednesday, April 30, 2008 (Sec. 12)
MidTerm Exam.: Monday,
April 7, 2008